Posts in Renal
Dietary Intervention for Calcium-Based Kidney Stones

Renal calculi, or kidney stones, are crystal aggregates composed of organic and inorganic materials, several of which are typical solutes in urine composition.  Stone formation generally occurs when the urine becomes supersaturated with a specific solute such as calcium, uric acid, or struvite.  Calcium-based stones are the most common, comprising about 80% of cases in the United States  High incidence of calcium-based stones in affluent societies is directly linked to certain dietary patterns, which likely contribute to the increasing prevalence of kidney stones.  These factors include low intakes of dietary fiber, fluid, citric acid and dietary calcium, as well as high intakes of dietary oxalates.

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